CureSearch for Children's Cancer funds and supportstargeted and innovative children's cancer research with measurableresults, and is the authoritative source of information and resourcesfor all those affected by children's cancer.
Learning about the risk of developing a second cancer can be frustrating and anxiety provoking. After a battle with children’s cancer, the last thing someone wants to think about is the risk of developing a second cancer during adulthood.
By practicing health maintenance behaviors, you can improve your awareness of changes in your body and increase the likelihood that problems will be detected at earlier stages. All children’s cancer survivors should have a yearly comprehensive health check-up. These patients should also have cancer screening evaluations based on age, sex, and treatment history. Knowing the details of previous medical history, including exposures to chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery, is vital to future health. This information should be available to patients and their healthcare providers from the hospital or clinic where cancer treatment occurred.
A high intake of dietary fat has been linked to the risk of several common adult cancers. People who eat high-fat diets have a greater risk of getting colon cancer; this may also be true for breast and prostate cancers. High-fat diets are also associated with obesity, heart disease, and other health problems. To reduce all of these risks, daily fat intake should be limited to 30% or less of your total calories.
Eating cruciferous vegetables also helps reduce cancer risk. Cruciferous vegetables include cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cauliflower. Eating these vegetables is thought to protect against cancer by blocking the effects of cancer-causing chemicals in other foods. Cruciferous vegetables are also high in fiber and low in fat. These foods should be included frequently in the diet.
Some chemicals used to preserve foods are cancer-promoting (carcinogenic) in large quantities. Diets high in salt-cured and pickled foods, and lunchmeats that contain preservatives like nitrites can increase the risk of cancer in the stomach and esophagus. Some of these foods, especially lunchmeats, are also high in fat. Foods of this kind should be eaten rarely and in small portions.
Diets rich in vitamins C and A have been shown to reduce cancer risk in animal studies. People whose diets are rich in vitamin C appear less likely to get cancer, especially cancer of the stomach and esophagus. The best way to get these nutrients is to eat a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables every day. Citrus fruits, melons, cruciferous vegetables, and greens are high in vitamin C. Good sources of vitamin A are dark green and deep yellow vegetables and certain fruits. If your diet is low in vitamins, a vitamin supplement may help, but avoid extra high doses, since these can cause serious side effects.