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Childhood Cancer has its own complex vocabulary. This glossary explains the terms
that you are likely to come across throughout the stages of cancer. Portions of
this glossary have been provided by the Teens Living With Cancer website.
The percentage of polys and bands that are part of your total white blood count. If your ANC is less than 1,000, you are more prone to infection.
Treatment used in addition to your main treatment. It usually refers to chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy added after surgery to increase the chances of curing your disease or keeping it in check.
Any substance that can neutralize acids. Alkaline urine is needed to neutralize uric acid, the product of tumor cell breakdown that can be harmful to your kidneys.
Bilirubin is a product of the breakdown of hemoglobin. It is measured in the blood to evaluate the function of the liver. May be measured as total, direct or indirect.
Soft plastic catheters that are surgically placed in one of the neck veins and advanced to the opening of the heart in order to easily administer intravenous solutions and to obtain blood for testing. "HICKMAN and/or BROVIAC are registered trademarks of C.R. Bard, Inc. and its related company, BCR, Inc."
an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin). It may be accompanied by fever, redness, swelling and warmth at the site.
See BROVIAC® catheter. "HICKMAN and/or BROVIAC are registered trademarks of C.R. Bard, Inc. and its related company, BCR, Inc."
A central line surgically placed (usually in the chest) and inserted into a large vein in your neck for to administer medications, IV fluids, and blood products. May also be used to draw blood for testing. "HICKMAN and/or BROVIAC are registered trademarks of C.R. Bard, Inc. and its related company, BCR, Inc."
A reduction in platelets, red cells and white cells, as a result of decreased bone marrow activity. Platelets are the blood cells that prevent or stop bleeding. White blood cells help prevent infections.
A reduction in the number of cells (red blood cells, white blood cells, and blood platelets)in the blood.
Sinking velocity of the red blood cells expressed in millimeters per hour. A SED rate that is over 25 or increasing may indicate infection.