CureSearch for Children's Cancer funds and supportstargeted and innovative children's cancer research with measurableresults, and is the authoritative source of information and resourcesfor all those affected by children's cancer.
Childhood cancer remains the leading cause of death by disease among children in the United States. Every day, 36 children are diagnosed with cancer and the average age of diagnosis is 6. That's 1 to 2 children for every 10,000 children in the United States. Cancer affects all ethnic, gender, and socio-economic groups and more than 40,000 children undergo treatment for cancer each year.
In the last 40 years, the overall survival rate for children's cancer has increased from 10% to more than 80%, but for many more rare childhood cancers, the survival rate is much less.
Source: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program (www.seer.cancer.gov) SEER*Stat Database: 5-Year Relative Survival (Percent), 2003-2009- International Classification of Childhood Cancer is based on ICD-O-3. Steliarova-Foucher E, Stiller C, Lacour B, Kaatsch P. International Classification of Childhood Cancer, Third Edition. Cancer. April 1, 2005: Vol 103, No. 7 , pg 1457-1467.
The causes of childhood cancers are largely unknown, and for the most part they cannot be prevented. A few conditions, such as Down syndrome, other specific chromosomal and genetic abnormalities, and ionizing radiation exposures, explain a small percentage of cases. Children with AIDS, have an increased risk of developing certain cancers, predominantly non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Kaposi sarcoma.