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Melanoma in children is a cancer of the skin which begins with the cells that give pigment (color) to skin, hair, and eyes. Most melanomas occur in the skin, although they can also occur in the eye.
Although melanoma is not the most common skin cancer, it is the most serious one. About 450 people under age 20 are diagnosed with melanoma each year in the United States.
Although little is known about the causes of melanoma in children, there are some conditions that increase the chances of melanoma in children including: